On Structural Unemployment
A rise in cyclical unemployment appears to be morphing into structural unemployment in the U.S.
We can trace a number of reasons behind the movement that favors temporary workers:
* The severity of the 2008-2009 downturn coupled with the reduced accessibility of credit has made small businesses cautious.
* The economic recovery of late 2009/early 2010 has been shallow (by historical standards), and growth expectations have diminished -- slower growth in output translates to a reduced pace of hiring.
* As businesses deleverage and become more cost-efficient, temporary workers represent a way to avoid the higher costs of permanent employees.
* Temporary hiring enables a business to maintain staffing flexibility, allowing it to adjust more quickly to workload fluctuations and rapid changes in business conditions.
* Limited or no need for employer contribution to workers' compensation insurance or unemployment, no employer liability for Social Security or Medicare taxes and no need to provide job benefits, including health insurance or retirement plans.
* Increased economic and policy uncertainty.
* A wedge of political and regulatory uncertainty.
* Rising health care costs.
* The likelihood of ever more populist initiatives favoring employees at the expense of employers.
* The need for more specialized workers for shorter periods of commitment.
What are some of the ramifications of this new era of temporary job growth?
* less buoyant and dynamic domestic economic growth;
* a less consistent rate and more unstable trajectory of domestic economic growth;
* sustained and higher-than-historic corporate profit margins;
* less of a potential corporate commitment to permanent growth initiatives in hirings and in new capital plans;
* less inflows into the domestic stock market through 401(k) plans and other retirement programs;
* dampened consumer confidence; and
* greater demand for renting over home ownership.
Madoff Feeder Fund Settles With the SEC
Nothing New From Bank of America
Bank of America didn't add any new incremental information in today's presentation.
Citi's weight in the S&P 500 will increase from 1.05% to 1.20% at the close today.
S&P announced that it will increase the float factor of C from about 80% to 100% at the close of trading today. In essence, this will increase Citi's weight in the S&P 500 from 1.05% to 1.20% -- resulting in the need for indexers to buy nearly 400 million shares of Citigroup.
The weighting of the other 499 companies in the S&P will be reduced by the value of the C add. This will result in about $1.7 billion of index selling.
With Citigroup and GM in progress, look for the Treasury to now focus on disposing its AIG position.
A reversal in oil and grain prices is following the reversal of gold today.